Oath means strengthening in the dictionary. In the expression of Islam, it is promising to Almighty Allah so the decision/action made to do something or not to do, will gain strength with His name. Example: Wallahi when I got that job, I will do charity.
When a Muslim promises that way and breaks this promise, then the kaffarah is required.
As explained in verse 89 of Surah al-Maidah, the kaffarah for a broken oath consists of freeing a slave or feeding or dressing 10 poor people. If a person cannot afford one of these, then he must fast for 3 consecutive days.
What to Do to Perform The Kaffarah Oath?
Since there is no slavery today, this option is not applied.
Kaffarah for broken oath can be given by feeding a poor person for 10 days, morning and evening or by dressing 10 poor people to cover most of their bodies or by their value.
How Much is a Kaffarah for a Broken Oath?
The kaffarah for broken oath intended to be given in cash is the amount of one fitrah for each of the 10 days that are the period of feeding the poor. Fitrah is determined as 28 liras in Turkey. This figure corresponds to the monetary equivalent of the minimum daily food requirement of a person. Because of that, a kaffarah for a broken oath is 280 liras. (This amount is for Turkey. Every Muslim who will perform kaffarah should calculate their kaffarah according to their countries' fitrah amount.)
Can I Perform My Kaffarah by a Wakil?
Someone who can't perform his kaffarah himself can appoint another person to give his kaffarah for a broken oath. This wakil should deliver his kaffarah to people who can take it. Appointing an association is one of this way too. By donating your kaffarah to Beşir Association, you can deliver your kaffarah to people in need all over the world.
How Does Beşir Association Deliver The Kaffarah for Broken Oath?
To comply with the order to give the kaffarah to 10 different people in a day or 1 person in 10 days, we first collect the kaffarahs of 10 donors in a fund. When we collected the fund in this way, we distribute it to each people in need, over 10 days of kaffarah from each donor as cash.