What is Fidyah?
Ramadan is the month of fasting for Muslims. Although every Muslim who reaches the age of puberty during the month of Ramadan is obliged to fast. Some Muslims may not be able to fast due to illness, old age or similar reasons.
If the person is unable to make up for the fast after the holy month of Ramadan, they must pay a fidyah during Ramadan, it must be paid for each fast a person has missed.
However, if a person misses their fast due to being sick or on a journey, and will be healthy enough to fast later on, they have to make up for the fast at a later date, as prescribed in the Qur'an.
Fasting is for a fixed number of days and if one of you be sick, or if one of you be on a journey, you will fast the same number of other days later on. For those who are capable of fasting (but still do not fast), there is redemption: feeding a needy man for each day missed. Whoever voluntarily does more good than is required, will find it better for him; and that you should fast is better for you, if you only know. (Qur’an Surah Baqarah 2:184)
The fidyah can be of food or money and it is used to feed the people in need.
What is The Amount of The Fidyah in 2021?
Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs determined the fidyah amount as 28 TRY for 2021. The amount of the fidyah must be equal to the amount of the fitrah in the relevant year. This amount is determined for Turkey. Every Muslim should give their fitrah according to their countries' fitrah amount.
How the Amount of Fidyad is Determined?
The Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs announces the updated fidyah price each year. While determining this price, the Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs takes into account the socio-economic conditions and the minimum food need of a person for a day.
When to Give Fidyah?
The fidyah is given on the day the person cannot fast. If the person cannot fast in the entire Ramadan and will not be able to make up the missed days afterward, then this person can give the fidyah of the 30-day Ramadan fast in advance on the first day of the month of Ramadan. Additionally, giving the fidyah as soon as possible is more benignant for both the person who gives the fidyah and the people in need.
Who Gives The Fidyah?
Those who are unable to fast due to conditions such as extreme old age or illness, and who are not able to fast afterward, pay fidyah for each day they cannot fast.
Whom The Fidyah is Given?
Fidyah can be given to every Muslim who is regarded as poor in religion except for the parents, grandparents, children, or grandchildren of the persons. People can't pay fidyah to their spouses. It is more appropriate not to give a fidyah to the bride or groom since the person may benefit from this fidyah indirectly.
How to Give The Fidyah?
People are required to pay separate fidyah for each day that they cannot fast during Ramadan. The fidyah can be given to a needy collectively or distributed to separate people. However, the amount of fidyah given to a person should not be less than a daily fidyah amount.
How to Donate Fidyah Through Beşir Association?
Muslims can deliver their fidyah to the needy by hand personally or donate it through associations. Beşir Association brings your fidyah donations together with people who have difficulties due to certain situations such as war, disaster, drought, famine and hunger. Those who want to pay their fidyah through Beşir Association can make their payments by clicking the fidyah option in the online donation section on the website of our association.
Additionally, you can also send your fidyah donation to the bank account numbers of Beşir Association. You can find the bank account numbers in the “Bank Accounts” section on our website. While donating your fidyah, please do not forget to write “Fidyah” in the description.