Zakat means "increase and abundance" in the dictionary. Zakat is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Zakat is a religious duty for all Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth. This criteria also called as nisab amount. When an adult Muslim who owns this wealth must pay 2.5% of that wealth as Zakat to the classes specified in the Holy Quran.
"Take from their wealth ˹O Prophet˺ charity to purify and bless them, and pray for them. Surely your prayer is a source of comfort for them. And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing." (At-Tawbah 9/103)
According to this verse, zakat has two different meanings. The first is the abundance expected from it when it is performed as worship and the second is the purify of a person's soul and the wealth with zakat.
“Establish prayer, and pay alms-tax. Whatever good you send forth for yourselves, you will ˹certainly˺ find ˹its reward˺ with Allah. Surely Allah is All-Seeing of what you do. " (Baqarah 2/110)
Our Prophet (pbuh) said the following about zakat:
"Islam has been founded on five basic principles: These are the belief that there is no god but Allah and witnessing that Prophet Muhammad is his messenger, to pray, to give zakat, to go on Hajj pilgrimage and to fast in Ramadan. " (Bukhari, Faith, 1)
Zakat, which is one of the great tests for human beings, is an important duty of worship. Everything that exists in the world is the wealth of Allah Almighty. Therefore, giving zakat is the necessity of good faith.
As in other physical and financial worship, the sensitivity of Muslims in zakat worship is a sign of the perfection of the religion. The following hadith of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) indicates this meaning.
"Undoubtedly, the completion of your religion (reaching perfection) is possible by giving the zakat of your goods." (Ali el-Müttakî, Kenzü'l-Ummâl, No: 15775)